There are three degrees of excommunication, i.e., separation,
exclusion, and execration. That mentioned in the above extract
is of the lowest degree, and lasts never less than thirty days.
The second degree of excommunication is a prolongation of the
first by thirty days more. The third or highest degree lasts for
an indefinite time. See Moed Katon, fol. 17, col. 1; Shevuoth,
fol. 36, col. 1; and consult Index II. appended.
A certain matron once said to Rabbi Yehuda ben Elaei, "Thy face is like
that of one who breeds pigs and lends money on usury." He replied,
"These offices are forbidden me by the rules of my religion, but between
my residence and the academy there are twenty-four latrinae; these I
regularly visit as I need."
THE TALMUD, _Berachoth_, fol. 55, col. 1.