Philo Judaeus, De Sac. Honor, (p. 833), says, "The hides of the
burnt-offerings proved a rich perquisite of the priesthood."
The number of high priests who officiated in succession during the 410
years of the continuance of the first Temple was only eighteen, but the
number who held office during the 420 years of the second Temple
amounted to more than three hundred, most of them having died within a
year after their entrance upon the office. The reason assigned by the
Talmud for the long lives of the former and the short lives of the
latter is the text given in Prov. x. 27, "The fear of the Lord
prolongeth days, but the years of the wicked shall be shortened."
THE TALMUD, _Yoma_, fol. 9, col. 1.