The story of this martyrdom is narrated at much greater length
in the Books of Maccabees (Book iii. chap. 7, Book iv. chaps.
8-18). In a Latin version the names are given, that of the
mother Solomona, and her sons respectively Maccabeus, Aber,
Machir, Judas, Achaz, Areth, while the hero of our Talmudic
reference, the seventh and last, is styled Jacob. Josephus,
Ant., Book xii. chap. 6, sec. 4, may also be referred to for
further and varying details.
The land of Israel was not destroyed till the seven courts of judgment
had fallen into idolatry, and these are they:--Jeroboam, the son of
Nebat; Baasha, the son of Ahijah; Ahab, the son of Omri; Jehu, the son
of Nimshi; Pekah, the son of Remaliah; Menahem, the son of Gadi; and
Hoshea, the son of Elah; as it is written (Jer. xv. 9), "She that hath
borne seven languisheth: she hath given up the ghost; her sun is gone
down while it is yet day; she hath been ashamed and confounded."
THE TALMUD, _Gittin_, fol. 88, col. 1.